On March 29, 1974, the very first Volkswagen Golf rolled down the assembly line. That minor automobile has gone on to spawn 6 generations, although the Golf name has turn out to be one of the designs in the hotly contested compact section, promoting more than 30 million units for the duration of its forty years on sale.
Although we look forward to the 6th-generation Golf, which will spawn 3 distinct scorching hatchbacks – the GTI, GTD and GTE – as nicely as fuel-sipping diesel-powered variants, Volkswagen has put with each other a search back at the initial 6 generations of the venerable Golf. It briefly pays homage to each generation of the automobile, from its roots as a basic people mover onto its larger, better trimmed, modern model.
Take a seem beneath for the detailed press release on the Golf’;s evolution, and then head into the gallery to see a visual representation of the Golf’;s growth above the past forty years.
Volkswagen is celebrating the 40th birthday of the most productive European automobile of all time: the Golf. More than 30 million automobiles of the best-vendor have been sold and from the 1st to the 6th generation, the Golf has been a pioneer of technological progress.
Regardless of whether turbocharged engine, direct-injection engine, electric or plug-in hybrid drive method whether ABS, ESC, XDS or 4MOTION whether Adaptive Cruise Handle, City Emergency Braking, trailer stabilisation or Automated Publish-Collision Braking System whether automatic air conditioning, Dynaudio sound system, touchscreen with proximity sensor or LED headlights regardless of whether GTI, GTD or GTE – it was usually the Golf through which the most important technologies and trends of our time had been democratised.
Golf Mk I: The initial series manufacturing Golf rolled off the assembly line in Wolfsburg on 29 March 1974. In which for decades the Beetle and thus rear-mounted engines and rear-wheel drive had dominated the scene, a new era had now dawned: that of the transversely mounted front engine and front-wheel drive.
As the successor to the legendary Beetle, of which in excess of 21.5 million units had been built, the Golf Mk I, developed by Giorgio Giugiaro and Volkswagen Style, had to reside up to the immense expectations that it would carry on the success story of what right up until then was the world’;s most profitable vehicle. It worked: the modern and reliable drive concept, the outstanding spatial economic climate and eventually the design and style as nicely, won above the market to such an extent that by October 1976 the one particular-millionth Golf had been developed.
In launching the initial Golf GTI (in 1976), Volkswagen heralded the introduction of higher dynamism in this class, whilst the Golf D (naturally aspirated diesel engine, 1976) and the later Golf GTD (turbodiesel, 1982) marked the breakthrough for diesel automobiles in the compact section. With the Golf Cabriolet, launched in 1979, Volkswagen launched an open-top car that was at instances the greatest-selling cabrio in the world.
Golf Mk II: As of August 1983, passengers no longer sat quite so near to every other, as use of space have been improved when a lot more. It was then on the Golf that the regulated catalytic converter was launched (1984), anti-lock braking technique (ABS, 1986) and electrical power-steering to the reduced medium class. In 1986, syncro was launched, opening up the choice of all-wheel drive in the Golf class.
Golf Mk III: With the launch of the third generation Golf in August 1991, Volkswagen heralded a new era of safety. This Golf was the initial of the series to have front airbags, starting up in 1992, although major advances in the region of car physique development also resulted in significantly improved crash security. In addition, many other technological milestones of the model range are linked to the third Golf. A lot of new characteristics made their debut in this new Golf: the 1st 6 cylinder engine (VR6), cruise control, oxidation catalytic converter for diesel engines (1991) and the very first direct injection diesel engines (TDI in 1993). Likewise, ABS grew to become a common attribute on all Golf versions in 1996. In 1993, Volkswagen had also introduced a new convertible based mostly on the Golf Mk III, a new all-wheel drive model (syncro II) and the first Golf Variant (an estate).
Golf Mk IV: Beneath the path of Hartmut Warkuß, then Head of Style at Volkswagen (Group), the Golf Mk IV crystallised the clear, exact layout that lived up to the historical past of the Volkswagen brand more than ever just before even though setting its course to the long term. With the debut of ESC (in 1998), the car continued to democratise safety. Also in 1998, Volkswagen unveiled the very first all-wheel-drive Golf with a Haldex clutch – the Golf 4MOTION. One particular year later on, ESC became a common characteristic, initially in Germany.
The 1st direct-injection engine (FSI) and the debut of the normal head airbag (window airbags) followed in 2002. Also in 2002, Volkswagen launched the R32, with a best pace of 250 km/h (155 mph). It was this best model of the variety that in 2003 was the very first to debut with the revolutionary dual-clutch gearbox (DSG).
Golf Mk V: This was the Golf that boasted amounts of comfort and dynamic performance that left several rivals way behind in 2003. The same went for the car’;s safety characteristics. One particular factor that underlines the stability of the laser-welded bodywork was the 35 per cent improve in torsional rigidity demonstrated when the Golf Mk V created its debut in 2003. On request, the Golf was now also available for the very first time with side airbags – collectively with the 6 regular airbags (front, side front and window) there were therefore 8 protective air buffers on board. In comfort as effectively as dynamic overall performance, the Golf Mk V scored in numerous locations, which includes: its new 4-hyperlink rear suspension, 6-pace DSG, bi-xenon headlights, panoramic sliding sunroof, plus the world’;s very first twincharger (in the 2006 TSI), combining turbo- and supercharger. In 2006, the Golf Plus created its debut in 2007, the CrossGolf, a new Estate and the really fuel-efficient Golf BlueMotion (4.5 l/100 km or 62.8 mpg).
Golf Mk VI: In just 4 years, a additional 2.85 million Golf automobiles had been produced by the finish of July 2012, based mostly on the sixth generation of the auto launched in 2008. And after once more security made fantastic advances too: the automobile body was so rugged that it passed the EuroNCAP crash test with flying colors, gaining the maximum 5 stars. Meanwhile, far more TSI engines and a transition amongst the turbodiesel engines (TDI) from unit injection to the typical rail system resulted in better dynamic functionality and reduce fuel consumption. A top performer here was the 2nd Golf BlueMotion with a combined fuel consumption of just 3.8 l/100 km (74.3 mpg), equivalent to 99 g/km of CO2. New assistance methods, this kind of as Light Help automated principal beam management and Park Help, made the sixth generation the most innovative Golf to date.
Golf Mk VII: On 4 September 2012, Volkswagen celebrated the globe premiere of the 6th generation Golf. The weight of the new Golf was reduced by up to 100 kg, therefore reversing the often cited upward excess weight spiral. Fuel economy was consequently also improved by up to 23 per cent. The new Golf TDI BlueMotion consumes only 3.2 l/100 km (88.3 mpg) (equivalent to 85 g/km of CO2) beneath regular NEDC circumstances. In addition, Volkswagen has equipped the Golf with an entire armada of new support systems – some as alternatives and other folks as standard. In 2014, Volkswagen electrifies the compact class with the Golf: the all-electric e-Golf with a selection of close to 190 kilometres is currently obtainable to get. In addition, the new Golf GTE will be launched in autumn. Its plug-in hybrid drive technique achieves a regular fuel consumption of one.5 l/100 km in all-electric mode, the Golf GTE can be driven for 50 kilometres.
The Golf is the most productive model ever created by Volkswagen. In the summertime of 2013 the 30 millionth Golf was created.